PHP 8.2 introduces read-only classes

A major update to the stalwart scripting language for web development, PHP 8.2 has arrived with performance, syntax, and type safety improvements along with new capabilities such as read-only classes and stand-alone types.

PHP 8.2 was published December 8 and can be accessed from

Support for read-only classes in PHP 8.2 means that a class marked with the readonly modifier will mark all instance properties of the class as read-only and prevent the creation of dynamic properties. Marking readonly classes with the AllowDynamicProperties attribute triggers a compile error.

The addition of null, false, and true as stand-alone types in PHP 8.2 is described as a “programming enhancement.” The null type corresponds to PHP’s unit type (the type that holds a single value) while false and true are literal types of type bool. These changes promote type system completeness and serve a number of edge cases.

In other improvements in PHP 8.2:

  • Disjunctive normal form (DNF) types enable the combination of union and intersection types, following a strict rule that says when combining union and intersection types, intersection types must be grouped with brackets.
  • A “random” extension provides an object-oriented API to random number generation.
  • The creation of dynamic properties has been deprecated, to help avoid mistakes and typos, unless the class opts in by using the AllowDynamicProperties attribute; stdclass allows dynamic properties.
  • New classes, interfaces, and functions are featured, such as a msqli_execute_query function and a SensitiveParameter attribute.
  • Constants now can be defined in traits.
  • The $ string interpolation has been deprecated.

PHP 8.1, which featured new capabilities regarding enums, syntax, and read-only properties, arrived in November 2021. It was followed by several point releases.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Next Post

Nintendo Copyright Strikes Video About Unreleased ‘Heroes Of Hyrule’ Game

from the nintendon’t dept It’s no secret that Nintendo is one of my common targets to slap around for its draconian enforcement of intellectual property, much to the annoyance of some Nintendo fans. It’s just that it’s… hard not to? This is an enormous player in the video game industry […]
Nintendo Copyright Strikes Video About Unreleased ‘Heroes Of Hyrule’ Game

Subscribe US Now